THE LEWIS CARROLL SOCIETY fimmt Letter OF NORTH AMERICA NUMBER 41 SPRING 1992 Part of the site of the proposed Birthplace Museum LC Foundation to Launch Fund Drive The Lewis Carroll Foundation, a non- profit fundraising organization, met on Friday, May 1, in New York and agreed to launch a fund drive to benefit the proposed Lewis Carroll Birthplace Mu- seum in Daresbury, England. John Wilcox-Baker, of the Lewis Carroll Birth- place Trust in England, brought the news that the Trust has recently purchased the property on which the old Daresbury parsonage stood, in which Lewis Carroll was born. Improvements are currently being made on the property to make it more accessible for visitors. Mr. Wilcox-Baker also reported on the progress being made by the Birth- place Trust, which has already raised over £50.000, but needs nearly £500,000 in order to renovate and outfit the build- ings which have been donated for the Birthplace Museum. The Lewis Carroll Foundation pro- vides Americans with a means to donate funds to the Birthplace Museum in Eng- land while still receiving a full tax deduc- tion for a charitable donation. The Foun- dation plans a mailing soon which will not only solicit donations, but also offer its first publication, the first American printing of Carroll's Eight or Nine Wise Words About Letter-Writing. We en- courage all Carrollians to give gener- ously to this fitting memorial. New Topics Intrigue Members at Spring Meeting by August imhoitz ''En la mondon venis nova sento,"' or "Into the world comes a new feeling,"'is the first line of the poem ''La Espero'' by the creator of Esperanto, L. L. Zamenhof, and it characterizes at least one side of our meeting at the Fales Library in New York University's Elmer Holmes Bobst Library building on Washington Square in Greenwich Village. Our speakers' new topics were the Esperanto versions oi Alice, original nonsense poetry, and a new Disney application oi Alice. These topics, new to most of our audience of about fifty members and guests, were the counterpoint to the well known Carroll texts that served, mutatis mutandis, as the point of departure. Mr. Frank Walker, Fales Librarian, welcomed us to NYU once again (we were last there in 1 984) and explained how the Fales Collection was really the magnet that drew Alfred C. Berol to bequeath his remarkable Carroll collection to NYU in 1957. The Berol collection at Fales under the guidance of Mr. Walker continues to grow, we are happy to report. Among the treasures of the collection that Mr. Walker had displayed for us were the original manuscript of Useful and Instructive Poetry (and he is absolutely correct in saying that there is no experience like seeing the original), the Looking-Glass Bis- ^''//'«'" J^y Smith cuit Tin, a number of translations, and, of course, the famous 1865 "lost" Alice. President Charles Lovett thanked NYU and Mr. Walker, reported on the soundness of the Society's finances, called attention to the Society's latest publication. The Hunting of the Snark, illustrated by Jonathan Dixon, which was examined by many during our break, and then turned the floor over to our speakers. Winter and summer, whatever the weather The floor and the ceiling were hapy together. Mr. William Jay Smith, author and poet, first gave us a brief but intriguing account of how he came to write non- sense poetry and then read us some of his poems, including the delightful dialogue entitled "The Floor and the Ceiling." From a thirteenth-century French an- thology of nonsense in which, for ex- ample, a herring laid seige to a city, to the musings of Auden on nonsense poetry and even to Dr. Freud in the "Sources of the Comic," Mr. Smith illustrated how wonderfully human an art form non- sense poetry is. Through the music of (continued on page 2) Editorial — Sisters, Cousins & Aunts As many of you know, on April 2 at 1 1 :23 a.m. my daughter Lucy, our first child, was bom. It was a moment I shall never forget, but its equal in emotional splendor came shortly thereafter when I ventured into the hall of the hospital to share the news with two of my closest friends. There is no doubt, as I now know, that one of the great joys of having a baby is that which comes from sharing that new life with others. When we climbed aboard a plane headed for New York to take Lucy to her first LCSNA meeting, we knew that a flock of surrogate aunts, uncles, and grandparents awaited her. Never could we have guessed, however, the won- derful ways in which she would be greeted and the smiles she would bring to the faces of so many. She herself exhibited her first real smiles moments after we arrived at Janet Jurist's home! Lucy attended a meeting of the LC Foundation, the LCSNA board meet- ing, luncheon, and general meeting, the New York Antiquarian Bookfair, and was navigated through one of New York's worst traffic jams by LCSNA founder Stan Marx. Everywhere she was welcomed with open arms. Many of you, especially if you have never been to a meeting, may think of the LCSNA as just a literary society or a club of eccentrics. We have come to realize that this is our extended family, and I believe that Lewis Carroll, who unfortunately never experienced the joy of holding his own daughter, would take some pleasure in knowing that he has brought together such a family and that they have showered such affection on a beautiful young child. Lucy is not yet old enough to thank you for the cake, the beautiful gifts, and the loving reception which you offered her. Her parents thank you most sin- cerely, though, and promise that you will have the chance to see her grow from an infant into whatever she be- comes. She may not be as well behaved at the next meeting, but we wouldn't think of coming without her — I'm not sure you'd let us in the door! JVlEETING (continued from page ]) words one is transported into a world unto itself in nonsense poetry. He has been writing nonsense verses for more than forty years, and though he says he sometimes drew inspiration from his young son, his verses may well owe something to the influence of Lear and Carroll. Of his many published collec- tions of verse, the one from which he read to us. Laughing Time, has been in print since 1953. It was rewarding to meet Mr. Smith. Esperanto literature, and indeed there is such a body of work, was the topic of our second speaker's presenta- tion. Dr. William Orr is a mathemati- cian by profession, but Esperanto is his avocation. He summarized very briefly the origins of Esperanto, a language developed by L. L. Zamenhof in the Polish part of the Russian empire in 1887. Since then, building on simple grammatical rules, expandable vocabu- lary, and the ability to form compounds that would put even the most agglutina- tive Eskimos and Germans to shame, Esperanto developed its own literature. Zamenhof s poem, ''Ho, Mia Koi\" started its poetic tradition. Now in addition to poetry, detective novels, and other original fiction, the corpus of Esperanto literature contains transla- tions of many well known European literary works — two versions of Ham- let, all the rest of Shakespeare, Dante's Inferno, and much more. In 1 9 1 the British Esperanto Soci- ety published the first, and so far only, Esperanto translation of Alice 's Adven- tures in Wonderland. The translator, E. L. Kearmey, working with a language only twenty-three years old, faced many difficulties and could not successfully cope with all of them. His verses were pale copies of Carroll's lines. Most puns and jokes were either ignored or handled in a footnote! Since then, Marjorie Walker, a British Esperantist, has translated "Jabberwocky" and Wil- liam Auld has translated "A Mad Tea- Party" and "The Mock Turtle's Story." Dr. Orr compared some of the transla- tions with his own, explaining how they coped with the pitfalls. Rather brilliantly, this non-Esperantist thought, he translated "Humpty Dumpty" as "Hometo Omleto," "hometo" being a diminutive for "man," while "omleto" speaks for itself He has translated most of the poems in the A//r^ books and is now working on the rest of the text. As Carroll parodied well known poems in his own language, Orr thinks parodies in the Esperanto version should parody Zamenhof s poems. To trans- late Carroll' s "How doth the little croco- dile," Orr took the word "Krokodilo," an Esperanto slang word meaning "a person who speaks his own native lan- guage at an Esperanto meeting" and parodies Zamenhof s "La Espero'" with a poem beginning "'En la mondon venas krokodilo."" Can anyone not think Lewis Carroll would have heartily approved? After an intermission which allowed us to examine the treasures of the Berol Collection in a special Alice Room, John Wilcox-Baker of the Lewis Carroll Birthplace Trust in Daresbury informed us that the Trust has purchased the land on which Lewis Carroll was born. The buildings burnt down long ago, but the foundations will be delineated and the site opened for visitors. Finally, in lieu of a cast member from the new Disney Channel series Adventures in Wonderland, Charles Lovett spoke briefly about Disney's long interest in Carroll and showed two examples of that fascination. In the 1920s Disney made 57 shorts, combin- ing animation with a live Alice. We saw one ofthese cartoons, "Alice's Egg Plant." It had little to do with Alice in Wonderland, but was an interesting piece of Disney history. We then saw the first of 65 episodes of Adventures in Wonderland. A hip Alice passes through a mirror after spilling her sister's perfume all over herself. In a sort of Looking-Glass Land with much singing and dancing, she and a few Carroll characters learn something about homonyms: sense and scent. Reaction among our audience was mixed. One hopes, as Dr. Zamenhof would say, that these latest works from the Disney factory will improve. Following the meeting we adjourned to a cocktail party at the home of Janet Jurist to enjoy her warm hospitality and to renew the many old friendships which the LCSNA has brought us. Cf&Tjf ^o^(©p^ sc "^^^i^m, Woodblock Prints Illustrate New Edition of Alice Books of Wonder, in conjunction with William Morrow, has published an edition of Alice which is probably as close as possible to what the original would have looked like pub- lished with 1992 technology. The design and layout follow the original closely, but the type has been reset evenly in a face which approximates the first edition. The prime feature of this edition, however, is that it reproduces the Tenniel illustrations directly from a set of the original woodblock prints prepared by Macmillan in 1988. The pictures are as clean and crisp as you will find in any edition. The book includes an afterword by Peter Glassman explaining the history of the illustrations and the woodblocks. Although the edges are gilt, as in the original (though not with real gold this time I imagine), the publishers have, unfortunately, made no attempt to reproduce the original binding. Underneath the lovely dustwrapper is a dull green cloth binding. With such exquisite attention paid to the inside of the book, one can only wish that the outside had received the same care. Still, a must for any collector and an ideal edition for the first-time reader as well. $15.00 at most bookstores. Alice in Computerland Many of my fellow Carrollians are IBM users, and, while I recognize the freedom to choose one's own computer, being a Macintosh man myself it was not without some relish that I tried out The Complete Annotated Alice, a program de- signed specifically for the new Macintosh Powerbooks, but usable on any larger display Mac. The software has been designed for maximum readability on the book-sized Powerbooks, but even the developers admit that computer books will probably never fully replace the real thing. Ref- erence books, however, are eminently suitable for the elec- tronic medium, as it provides so many powerful tools for retrieving information. This new electronic book contains the complete texts of both The Annotated Alice and More An- notated Alice, including all the annotations from both books, plus a new "electronic" intro- duction by Martin Gardner. Readers can quickly find the appearances of a word or phrase in either the text or the annota- tions, text can be marked in a numberofways, and the reader can even add his own margin IIUiCOMiM.iriK notes or more extensive annotations. The Tenniel illustrations are repro- duced, rather poorly, on the screen, but the real value here is one's ability to work with the text. My biggest complaint about this program, and one that other reviewers have had, is that it tends to be a little slow and takes up a good bit of RAM — but it is still a wonderful tool with which to study the text of Alice, and the only work which includes all of Gardner's annotations. A computer program which re- places the work of both Annotated Alices, not to mention an Alice concordance, might be expected to command a hefty price tag — this electronic book will cost you $15, less than half the cost of More Annotated Alice alone. From MacConnection (1-800-800-2222). Collection of Carrollian Games Published Lewis Carroll 's Games and Puzzles, compiled and edited by Edward Wakeling, has been published under the joint im- print of The Lewis Carroll Birthplace Trust and Dover Publications. The editor's introduction may be written for a slightly younger reader than is likely to enjoy the puzzles themselves, but the heart of the book is the puzzles, games, and brainteasers. Not only are some of Carroll's published games, such as Lanrick, here, but many previously unpub- lished pieces, taken from letters and papers, are also in- cluded. The illustrations, mostly Tenniel, are reproduced rather poorly, but in all a charming book, worth far more than its $4.95 cover price. How many puzzles are there in this collection? If you know Mr. Carroll and Mr. Wakeling, you need not ask — 42, of course. At bookstores or from the pub- lisher (Dover Books, 3 1 East 2nd St., Mineola, NY, 11501). Japanese Photos Shine "Alice " in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll and Double Alice is a beautiful new Japanese publication. The primary feature of this book for those who do not read Japanese is the stunning photography which graces nearly every page. There are pictures of Daresbury, Croft, Oxford, Guildford, Eastbome, Ripon, and other spots associated with Carroll's life, as well as reproductions of Alice illustrations by a number of artists. Anyone interested in Carroll's life will want this book, regardless of his ability to read the text. No previous volume has contained such a wealth of quality photos intimately associated with Carroll's life and work. From The Rabbit Hole, 3^ Trinity Square, Llandudno, North Wales, U.K., for £ 1 7 plus shipping (credit card preferred to avoid bank charges) . Lewis Carroll and the Voting Machine by Morton N. Cohen J\s we approach the 1992 presidential election, we should think about a recurring defect in the American polling system that cnes out for change. The defect arises from the passion of broadcasting networks to be the first to predict the next occupant of the White House. In 1980 and 1 984, the major TV networks declared Ronald Reagan the winner while the polls were open and voters were still casting ballots in nearly half the states. The premature announcement made a good many western voters feel that their votes did not count, and many did not even bother to vote, distorting what would have been a more nearly accurate count of the voter's choice. A cry of "foul play" arose in a number of quarters. In 1988, under pressure from Congress, the networks agreed to withhold predic- tions of each state' s results until the last of its polls had closed. In fact, how- ever, all the networks pro- jected President Bush's victory while the polls were still open in the West. Once again the count may have been distorted, and hack- les were raised. Will we see a replay of this scenario later this year and in succeeding election years? Probably, unless some remedy is found to prevent the networks from jumping the gun. The problem is not new, and it is not even a problem that modem technology has created. The same issue arose in England in the 1880s, and when it came up, one of the voices raised against the unfairness of revealing results early was Lewis Carroll's. Of course, in England the problem did not arise because of different time zones; the problem there arose because elections were held over a number of days, and English newspapers were as eager as our networks are to scoop the news. The secret ballot had become a reality for the first time in England in 1 872, and in April 1881a long letter from Carroll appeared in the St. James's Gazette on the evil caused by publishing election results before all polling ceased. In that letter he recognizes, as politicians and news commentators realize in the U.S., that voters like to be on the winning side and that if they know that their side is going to lose anyway, they might not want merely to add, as he put it, "a unit to a hopelessly beaten minority," and so would not vote at all. He deplored the unfairness of the results and prescribed a "simple practical remedy." His remedy was "that the results of each single election The results of each single election should be kept secret till the general election is over. — Lewis Carroll should be kept secret till the general election is over." Yes, it was as simple as that, and he saw no difficulty in shaping a new law requiring the "boxes of voting papers" to be "sealed by a Government official and placed in such custody as would make it impossible to tamper with them." Then, after the last ballots had been cast, "they should be opened, the votes counted, and the results announced." This new method, he points out, insures secret voting in the truest sense and serves every voter equally. Utopia, according to Carroll, was worth contem- plating, but Utopian aspirations could be practical, too. We may not ever achieve a world in which "no one is ever bored by a Utopian dinner-party, or overcharged by a Utopian cab-driver," but we can strive for this just and truly private form of elec- tion, even in a"practical age." Lewis Carroll had 50 copies of his letter to the St. James Gazette struck off privately, and he sent them to influential politi- cians, including William Gladstone and Lord Salisbury. In a covering letter to Lord Salisbury, Carroll insists that the matter was not a party question but one "of real national importance." Change takes time, of course, and pressure, and Lewis Carroll's scheme did not take root quickly. Indeed it took 36 years before anything was done about it. But finally, in 1917, almost 20 years after Carroll's death, the British Parliament adopted the plan. We could learn from England's experience in this practice as we have in so many others. We would have to require election boards to withhold results until polling stations closed all over the nation, from Maine to Hawaii. We could even schedule different polling hours in differ- ent states. Western states could open polls on the evening before the conventional Tuesday and then close at 6 p.m. on the polling day while Eastern states continued to poll through into Tuesday evening. The networks would be confounded, reduced to reporting exit polls, those unreli- able indicators, as proved in the recent British election. To come to an agreement will require political action, of course, because constitutional responsibility for con- ducting elections rests with the states, but an inter-state compact on uniform election procedures (which Congress could encourage) would make it all possible. It seems relatively simple in fact. Won't we allow the master of nonsense to teach us something eminently sensible about our national election process and lead us, in this case, to Utopia as he lead us, earlier, to his Wonderland? Carrollian Notes Issue 42 Approaching The next issue of Knight Letter will be number 42, and as everyone knows, that number held special significance for Lewis Carroll. We're not sure what is the most appropriate way for the Knight Letter to mark this auspicious milestone, so we're asking for your help. Send us things strange, unusual, and fascinating — anything you think belongs in the 42nd issue. Try to mail your contributions within the next 42 days (our real deadline is August 1 ), and we'll print as many as we can. Newberry Cata- logue Published A catalogue of the Alice exhibition mounted in November of 1990 at the Newberry Library in Chicago and curated by LCSNA member Joel Birenbaum has been published. The 12-page catalogue includes cover cal- ligraphy by LCSNA member Alice Berkey and a one-page introduction by Birenbaum who writes that the exhibit tries to answer the question "How can you have a collection of just one book." The catalogue describes various edi- tions of the Alice books, parodies, ref- erence books, ephemera, and col- lectibles of all kinds. The items for the exhibit were drawn primarily from Birenbaum' s own collection, but a few items from the Newberry are also in- cluded. Though the Newberry does not have a large collection of children's books (Newberry the industrialist is unrelated to Newbery the publisher), the library does have a few important Carroll items. Of greatest interest here are the woodblocks for 77?^ Nursery Alice illustrations which Birenbaum uses to raise the question "Did Tennicl really do the redrawings" as Carroll mentioned in his diary? Also from the Newberry collection were five sketches of Tenniel draw- ings attributed to the Dalziel broth- ers and copy of the 1865 Alice, though I feel obliged to note my own scepticism about the authenticity of the latter which is tightly rebound, has little provenance, and has a noticeable dark- ening of the paper in the gutter of the title page as if the page had been tipped in. Could this be a "made up" copy consisting of an 1865 title page bound with an Appleton Alice? For more information on the exhibit and the cata- logue contact Joel Birenbaum, 2486 Brunswick Circle Al, Woodridge, 111.. 60517. Teller Adds Annotation He may never speak on stage, but Teller, of the Penn & Teller comedy magic team, wrote Martin Gardner with a dis- covery he made while reading Extraor- dinary Popular Delusions. A passage about popular catch phrases in London includes the information that at one time such a phrase was "Who are you?" The phrase pervaded London, and was used in nearly any circumstance and taken as a sign of great wit. When a judge in one of London's courts inad- vertently asked a spectator "Who are you," the entire court convulsed with laughter and the judge immediately became popular among accused crimi- nals. The book is not specific about when this particular phrase was popu- lar, so perhaps any reader who knows more about it might enlighten us as to whether this may have been an inspira- tion for the Caterpillar in y4//V^. If so, he may be a more witty character than originally thought. Plans Underway for Fall Meeting The Fall 1992 meeting of the LCSNA will be held at the University of San Francisco. The slate of speakers is not yet set, but Society member Sandor Burstein has made some arrangements for those wishing to stay in downtown San Francisco. The Hotel Vintage Court, 650 Bush Street, (800) 654- 1 1 00, offers singles or doubles to members for $99 per night. Please mention Bill Guedet's name in order to get this rate. The Hotel David Bed and Breakfast, 480Geary St., (800) 524- 1888 has room rates from $79 to $ 1 39, including break- fast and dinner. Both hotels are located in the heart of downtown. Several collectors have several collectors nave d j d T T /^ r^ D A D 1-4 C D ' C r^ pointed out to us that D 1 D L 1 LJ Lj RA 1 fl E K J V^ O R N E R there are two issues of ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ the first edition of A Tangled Tale. One must presume that the first issue is that in which Alice is advertised on the final leaf as having reached the 67th thousand and which includes a lengthy ad for the Inde.x to 'In Memoriam. ' An interesting sidelight to this discovery is that the Handbook describes just such a notice about the Inde.x as appearing in editions of y4//cf around 1882 (p. 110). The present notice, which lists the anonymous Index as a "Work by Lewis Carroll," was published in 1 885, but is probably the same, as it was clearly printed around 1 882 — the times of the 67th thousand oi Alice. Perhaps the publisher had extra copies of this leaf on hand and inserted them into some copies oi Tangled Tale — but were they the first copies? The notice includes text, presumably by Carroll, on how to account for the introduction of a new section into the poem when using the Index. The second issue contains a different advertising leaf in ^^hxch Alice is listed as 75th thousand For the record, there were four subsequent issues of the Macmillan red cloth Tangled Tale in England: 1 ) with notice of "Second Thousand" on title page, dated 1885; 2) with notice of "Third Thousand" on title page, dated 1 885; 3) with notice of "Third Thousand" on title page, dated 1886; 4) with notice of "Fourth Thousand" on title page, dated 1886. iMfH 0(i^ ra^^oano^ The Essex House of New York lured diners to their Easter buffet with story readings by actors dressed as the Mad Hatter, the White Rabbit, and other char- acters from Alice. The White Rabbit from the "Shore Leave" episode of Star Trek is featured on a pin available from Starlog Press (475 Park Ave. South, New York, NY, 10016). Retail price is $8. Museum Bookmarks (2 Depot Plaza, Suite 103, Bedford Hills, N.Y., 10507) features a Cheshire Cat bookmark of solid brass electroplated with 22ktgold. Sold in many bookstores and gift shops for about $6.95. Co^f^e^pondent^ Alice Liddcll, Lewis Carroll and Alice of Wonderland — The Welsh Connection is a pamphlet by Muriel Ratcliffe which presents a fair assessment of the connec- tion between Carroll and Llandudno. The 8-page booklet draws heavily from Anne Clark's biography of Carroll, and may finally set the record straight for Llandudno tourists. The booklet costs £1.50 and may be ordered from The Rabbit Hole, 3-4 Trinity Square, Llandudno, North Wales, UK. The Mathematical Association of America ( 1 529 1 8th St., NW, Wash- ington, DC, 20036) describes its publication Journey Into Geom- etries by Marta Sved as "an infor- mal introduction to post-Euclidean geometry, brought to life in dia- logues between three fictitious fig- ures: a somewhat overgrown Alice, Lewis Carroll, and their visitor from the 20th century. Dr. Whatif. Price: $21 . Lisa Arkfeld has written a series of po- ems inspired by Lewis Carroll for part of a senior thesis at Vassar. Members inter- ested in reading her work should contact her professor, Nancy Willard, 133 Col- lege Ave., Poughkeepsie, NY, 12603. Half Moon Harry ( 1 9 South Road, Bear- skin Neck, Rockport, MA, 01966) mar- kets an Alice in Wonderland clock with the Tenniel illustrations handpainted on a blue background for $50. • Reminder • Don't forget that dues are due! Regular dues are $20 and Sustainer dues are $50. Remember that all contributions to the LCSNA, including dues, are fully tax deductable. Dues should be sent to the Secretary, 617 Rockford Rd., Silver Spring, MD, 20902. Rob Kerr, a young composer from Win- ston-Salem, NC, recently premiered his "Lewis Carroll Song Cycle" at a concert of works by North Carolina composers. Across the country another composer, Tom Schnauber, premiered his song cycle "Carrolls," also based on the poems of Lewis Carroll, at the University of South- ern California School of Music. Speaking of composers, David Del Tredici's current work in progress is "Dum Dee Tweedle," a 50-minute work for solo voice, narrator, and orchestra, based on "The Walrus and the Carpen- ter" and surrounding text. In response to our recent inquiry about issues of the Index to "In Memoriam, " Sandor Burstein and Jon Lindseth report having copies which match the descrip- tion in the Handbook (with stamping on the cover reading "INDEX I IN MEMO- RIAM"). Both also mention that the cloth may have been brown, but is more likely faded purple. Both of these copies are inscribed (one by LC and one by "one of the Compilers"), so they may well represent the earliest state of the item. The Ballet Theatre of Annapolis, MD, presented Scenes from Alice in Wonderland, a "mini-ballet featur- ing a host of funny and memorable scenes and characters" for an audi- ence of children on May 17. The winners of the Sylvie & Bruno Writing Contest sponsored by Mer- cury House and judged by the LCSNA were Chris Michel (age 16, winner of the 12-18 category) and Ann D. Curie (winner of the adult category). Thanks to Joe Brabant and Devra Kunin for helping judge the contest. The winning verses: Chris Michel: He thought he saw a matador Who swam across the lake: He looked again, and found it was A piece of angel cake. "If I should die tonight," he said, "Please bring this to my wake." Ann D. Curie: He thought he saw a Coelacanth While fishing from the pier: He looked again, and found it was His boon companion's ear. "Let's settle now," he said, "because A trial is much too dear." For assistance in preparing this issue we would like to thank: Fran Abeies, Joel Birenbaum, Sandor Burstein, Morton Cohen, Martin Gardner. August Imholtz, Jon Lindseth, Stephanie Lovett, Ellie Luchinsky, Lucille Posner, Howard Skillington, Alan Tannennbaum, and Nancy Willard. Lewis Carroll and the Voting Machine © 1992 by Morton N. Cohen. Knight Letter is the official newsletter of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. It is published quarterly and is distributed free to all members. Subscriptions, business correspondence, and inquiries should be addressed to the Secretary, LCSNA, 617 Rockford Road. Silver Spring. Maryland. 20902. Annual membership dues are $20 (regular) & $50 (sustaining). Submissions and editorial correspondence should be sent to the Editor, Charles C. Lovett, 1092 West Fourth Street. Winston-Salem, N.C., 27101.